For most pet owners, adopting a puppy means having a constant companion for various indoor and outdoor activities. It also means the start of an exciting journey of loving and caring for your pet in a responsible manner. But many first-time pet owners are overwhelmed at the prospect of providing care for their canine friend and ensuring that they remain healthy.
While it’s true that caring for your puppy is a serious responsibility, there’s no need to be scared of the whole matter. It will only take you a few days to get into the groove of the matter and taking care of your pet will soon become a part of your daily routine. Here are 5 ways to ensure your puppy’s wellbeing:
- Proper vaccination
A puppy needs to receive the first vaccination dose at six to eight months of age. When you buy or adopt a puppy, make sure that you ask for the medical records. Once you get home your canine companion, consult a veterinarian and show the medical records to find out which vaccinations your puppy has received and which are necessary to be given. It’s important to make sure that your puppy receives the vaccinations on time as that will shield your pet from various deadly diseases. Be aware that some vaccines are necessary for dogs of all breeds while others depend on your dog’s lifestyle and the place where you live. Your vet will be the best person to advise you on the same.
- Desexing on time
Desexing is an important aspect of providing care for your puppy. It involves a surgical procedure through which the puppy is sterilized so that your pet cannot become pregnant. This is an irreversible process that prevents your pet from having unwanted puppies. In female puppies, desexing minimizes the risk of mammary cancer and uterine infections. In male puppies, the chance of prostate gland cancer is reduced due to this procedure.
The process is known as spaying for female dogs and neutering for male dogs. Desexing also helps to control aggressive or violent behavior in your pet. One thing to note is that the procedure of desexing must be carried out when your dog hasn’t sexually matured yet and is still a puppy. Ideally, a puppy should be desexed at five to six months of age.
- Flea and Tick Control
Flea and tick infestations are a problem that most dog owners have to deal with. While you may not be able to prevent your puppy from getting exposed to such parasitic infestations at all times, you have to adopt measures to prevent the infestation from developing into a bigger problem.
If you do not exercise enough care, your canine friend may have to suffer from itching, discomfort, and a number of health concerns, including anemia, allergies, scabs, and internal infections. There are a number of flea and tick control solutions available in the market. One word of advice will be to check the composition of such products as some of them may contain chemicals which are dangerous for puppies.
- Regular Worming
Worming at regular intervals should form a key part of your puppy care. Worms are internal parasites that are often found to impact dogs and create health problems for them. Though worms are known to cause minor health issues, sometimes they can become life-threatening. For instance, worms can lead to roundworms and lungworms in puppies, both of which can be fatal for your young pet.
Additionally, dog worms can impact human beings as well, especially children, and result in serious consequences. This makes it all the more important for you to make sure that your puppy is dewormed twice every month until the age of twelve weeks. After that, you need to continue working once every month till your puppy reaches six months of age and then once every three months thereafter.
- Dental Care
Many dogs over four years of age suffer from dental problems and gum diseases. Dental problems often lead to irreversible damage to not just their teeth but to other organs of their body as well. To prevent your pet from suffering any kind of oral discomfort, you have to take effective measures right from the very beginning. Make it a habit to brush your puppy’s teeth regularly. Remember to take your puppy for dental check-ups frequently. If you suspect that your pet is suffering from any oral discomfort, do not waste time and consult your veterinarian immediately.